An NYC community center is helping seniors build small businesses - Business Insider

An NYC community center is helping seniors build small businesses - Business Insider

An NYC community center is helping seniors build small businesses - Business Insider

Posted: 12 Aug 2019 12:04 PM PDT

Some senior citizens move to retirement communities where they play golf or shuffleboard. Other seniors looking to be tech-savvy or start a small business go to Senior Planet.

The MIT Technology Review recently went inside Senior Planet, a retirement community and coworking space founded by Tom Kamber in 2006. At their Manhattan location, seniors can learn everything from finding the "on" button on their computers to creating their own websites. Learning these skills has never been more important for older people, especially as senior entrepreneurs are becoming a bigger part of America's economy.

One regular at Senior Planet, Michael Taylor, used to run an antiques store, but had no choice but to close up shop amid rising rent costs. Despite losing his small business, he had little desire to retire. Instead, he got his master's degree at New York School of Interior Design. As he said in the MIT Technology Review's article, he started going to Senior Planet to get help with website design for an already successful small business.

The research finds that older business owners are more successful — and that continuing to work actually helps mental health.

According to Babson College's 2016 State of Small Business in America report, 51% of small businesses are run by people aged 50 or over, up from 46% in 2007. And those small business are staying open longer than ones founded by younger generations: 70% of senior-run small businesses are still running three years after opening, compared to only 28% of businesses run by younger entrepreneurs.

There are also more senior citizens than ever. Millennials may be the largest group in the labor force at the moment, but older Americans are catching up. According to the US Department of Labor, workers over 55 will be the largest group, at 24.8%, by 2024.

Taylor, now 71 years 0ld, had seen his father retire at age 84. Suddenly having no work aged his father quickly, he told MIT Technology Review. "And I'm like, 'If that's what retirement does for you, I don't want it.' So I plan on working until God calls me home or just until I can't work any longer," he's quoted as saying within the article.

Some experts say that the best way to stay active and prevent the ill effects of aging is to never retire. According to a 2013 study by the Institute of Economic Affairs, a UK think tank, retirees were 40% more likely to be diagnosed with clinical depression than seniors who put off retirement, which indicates that work is good for mental health in old age.

Entrepreneurship helps combat ageism, too.

While many older Americans are still in the workforce, ageism is keeping them from landing jobs. According to a study by job site iHire, 53% of baby boomers have felt age discrimination at work, including having trouble getting jobs they're qualified for.

Taylor has experienced ageism firsthand. "I found getting a job is not that easy if you're not the 20, 30, or mid-40s candidates," he said in the article.

Senior Planet's goal is make ageism a thing of the past by erasing stereotypes of elderly people who can't use technology or learn new things. Senior Planet founder Tom Kamber told MIT Technology Review that aging does anything but slow you down. In fact, "your horizon is shorter — your dreams become more critical and urgent," he says.

Kamber believes that age is not a barrier to entrepreneurship or success, but occasionally, technology is. "When you're a senior, and you've got an idea, and you want to make it happen," he said, "somebody's got to help out a little bit."

Small business confidence drops to a low as U.S.–China trade war rattles Main Street - CNBC

Posted: 12 Aug 2019 07:30 AM PDT

Containers sit at the Yangshan Port in Shanghai, China, Aug. 6, 2019.

Aly Song | Reuters

Small business confidence has dropped to a level not seen since 2017, matching the all-time low since CNBC and SurveyMonkey began taking the pulse of Main Street in a quarterly survey three years ago.

Business confidence is now lower than it was amid the major stock market sell-off of late 2018 and equals the way entrepreneurs felt in late 2017, when the tax cuts package and its provisions for small business owners were in doubt.

The reason this time: President Donald Trump's trade policy.

Small business owners are undoubtedly better off now than they were the last time the confidence index was this low. Over half of business owners in the CNBC|SurveyMonkey Small Business Survey for the third quarter of 2019 say that business conditions are good. That number was 13 percentage points lower (55% vs. 44%) at the time of the 2017 low. Fifty-eight percent say they expect revenue to increase in the next 12 months, and Trump's net approval rating is holding strong, at 57%.

"Trade has become the new issue causing volatility for small business owners, as a growing number of small business owners say they expect trade policy to have a negative effect on their business in the next year," said Laura Wronski, senior research scientist at SurveyMonkey.

"There's been a huge divergence in the proportion of small business owners who expect positive versus negative effects from the Trump administration's trade policies. It used to be that those numbers were about even or even net positive, but now twice as many small business owners expect a negative impact as expect a positive impact from trade policy," Wronski said. "The big story of the summer has been the escalating trade war with China, and small business owners are reacting nervously."

The CNBC|SurveyMonkey Small Business Survey for Q3 included responses from approximately 2,300 small business owners across the country, collected between July 29 and Aug. 4.

Trade trickles down to Main Street

"That really bright outlook we saw two years ago has waned," said Molly Day, vice president of public affairs for the National Small Business Association. "We've been pretty concerned with threats of tariffs."

She said for small businesses it is important that Congress pass the trade deal with the nation's two biggest trading partners, Mexico and Canada, legislation known as the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA). China may be "three or four steps down the supply chain" for many small businesses, but it affects them, especially the longer it goes on.

The majority of small business owners still say that Mexico and China trade policy will not be a factor for their business, but entrepreneurs experiencing a direct or indirect hit are bringing down overall confidence.

"The trade piece really does impact people a lot, but it is not as easy to have that personal connection" at the small business level, Day said. "For some small businesses not importing or exporting, it may not have a direct impact, but I think it will trickle down in that things are costing a little more."

That's the case for Ben Thomas, owner of Five Pound Apparel in Springfield, Missouri — the name comes from the business mission to donate 5 lbs of food for every T-shirt bought by customers. His store's core products are "Made in America," and the business has a focus on what it considers "ethical" brands, but those brands have global supply chains.

"The trade war has yet to have a direct impact on our business, but we do expect it to have a small impact," said Thomas, who owns the store with his wife. "The impact would likely be a slight increase on the cost of some of our goods. We have brands that source products and labor from all over the world, primarily with the goal of having a positive economic and social impact on that particular section of the globe. Wholesale margins are thin enough that manufacturers will have to pass those to their customers (us), and we in turn will likely have to pass those on to the end consumer," Thomas said.

The one lever the administration has is trade, and where they go with trade will dictate how small business owners feel by the end of the year.

Karen Kerrigan

SBE Council

The longer the feud with China continues, the "deeper and wider" the impact will be on small businesses, said Karen Kerrigan, president and CEO of industry trade group SBE Council.

"It really represents this drag on confidence and optimism," she said. "Optimism is still relatively high, but slowly lowering. We are at a critical period in the economy."

She noted that a recent weak reading in business investment, which hit a three-year low in an otherwise positive Commerce Department report, is also bringing down confidence, and that makes removing the trade anxiety even more important for the business community.

"Small and mid-size businesses are depending on larger businesses. The agricultural community is depending on farmers to buy stuff," Kerrigan said. "If you can get a [China] trade deal, maybe not a comprehensive one but start with something, IP protection or market access, and get the USMCA through Congress, it would all be very positive for investments, the markets and small business," Kerrigan said.

She added: "The one lever the administration has is trade, and where they go with trade will dictate how small business owners feel by the end of the year."

Matt Laricy, a third-generation real estate agent who manages his own sales group based in Chicago, is worried about a recession. "I think we're on the brink of a recession, and I think it's a matter of time that this gravy train we've all been riding is going to sink on us," he said. "We're past due. ... I don't think we're going to see a 2008 type of recession where the world is ending. I do think that we're going to see a little bit of a gut check."

But his economic concerns do not represent a sudden shift based on the trade war or any single factor. "I think this trade war with China is not going to affect us [and], for the most part, the general consumer."

Prepare for the unpredictable

Laricy has been preparing for two years to take advantage of a downturn.

"What I decided to do about two years ago was open up a different savings account and fund it every month ... so that when the recession does hit, I'm going to double down on advertising while everybody else is falling out, so that way I get more business. Because people are still going to buy or sell [real estate]. It's just going to be more difficult."

Some business owners across the country are experiencing weaker conditions beyond their control, tied to short-term phenomena, like weather in the Midwest, which saw an unprecedented amount of rain earlier this year.

"Business was better in 2018 than this year," said Trice Stevens, owner of On the Fringe, a retail fashion and beauty store in South Bend, Indiana. "We have had a slower spring directly affected by the weather, and then we had jacket weather and rain most of May. We lost our peak spring buying season that usually happens March–May."

"There hasn't been a period where concerns are steady across the board — there's been a lot of turbulence,' Wronski said. "Business owners usually value predictability, but that has been a luxury in the past few years."

Election season isn't likely to help, and may already be starting to factor into the confidence trend. The Q3 survey finds entrepreneurs saying that Trump is the No. 1 issue they will be voting on in 2020.

"What we have found, and we have been doing this since 2007, is a clear dip when we get into election seasons," Day said. "The news is permeated with reports of the terrible things that this and that party are doing, and the 'country is doomed' and people internalize that, and I would not be surprised if that is tweaking things a bit."

The CNBC|SurveyMonkey Small Business Survey for Q3 was conducted across approximately 2,300 small business owners between July 29 and Aug. 4. The survey is conducted quarterly using SurveyMonkey's online platform and based on its survey methodology. The Small Business Confidence Index is a 100-point score based on responses to eight key questions. A reading of zero indicates no confidence, and a score of 100 indicates perfect confidence. SurveyMonkey publishes additional quarterly small business data and analysis.


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