Small Business Saturday draws 40+ Lehigh Valley participants. Here are their deals. -

Small Business Saturday draws 40+ Lehigh Valley participants. Here are their deals. - lehighvalleylive.comSmall Business Saturday draws 40+ Lehigh Valley participants. Here are their deals. - lehighvalleylive.comPosted: 30 May 2020 05:22 AM PDT More than 40 Lehigh Valley small business owners Saturday will be offering virtual deals on what they say will be one of their biggest shopping sales annually.Small Business Saturday typically is timed for following Black Friday in November. The nationwide effort for the past decade encourages communities to shop local as it kicks off the busiest shopping season of the year.The chamber is moving this year to hold the event twice -- this time with social distancing -- as many businesses struggle to survive financially during the coronavirus pandemic. Gov. Tom Wolf ordered all non-life-sustaining businesses to close their doors on March 19. Restaurants were then forced to offer menu items by takeout only with curbside pickup or delivery.Lehigh Val…

Smart dust and other wild tech ideas that could become major breakthroughs in the next decade - CNBC

Smart dust and other wild tech ideas that could become major breakthroughs in the next decade - CNBC

Smart dust and other wild tech ideas that could become major breakthroughs in the next decade - CNBC

Posted: 18 Jun 2019 07:36 AM PDT

Blutgruppe | Corbis | Getty Images

Capitalizing on emerging technology is crucial for successful companies if they want to avoid losing the consumer and market share. But there also is a fine line between tech hype and reality — many of the buzziest ideas end up as busts and far fewer become major breakthroughs.

Some of the greatest recent advances in tech are already paying off hugely for companies — and in many cases occurring without consumers being aware of their power. Take machine learning, once an out-there idea but now the norm. At online shopping platform Etsy, use of machine learning has transformed its search function — for more than 60 million goods — and in 2017 and 2018, "unlocked" $260 million in gross merchandise sales, according to Etsy chief technology officer and CNBC Technology Executive Council member Mike Fisher.

He explained that machine learning re-ranks search results in real time based on dozens of features, including how a buyers interact with the items. "We know that the first page of search results generate more than 80% of search purchases, so getting it right is critically important for Etsy's business," he said.

The latest wave of technologies propose some wild future scenarios where the financial payback is still far from sure: smart sensors the size of dust; exoskeletons that can make man more robotic; 3-D printed objects that can transform themselves into 4-D shapes without any human help. Which are likely to be commercially viable in the next decade?

CNBC recently asked the Technology Executive Council — comprised of 95 leading executives from the corporate, nonprofit and government sectors — to weigh in as part of our first Tech Council survey. The survey was conducted from May 21 through June 8, 2019.

While not an exact ranking, the ideas listed below are organized based on the responses, starting with the least viable big technology ideas to those that stand the best chance of breaking through.

Smart dust

A digital sensor the size of a grain of sand is housed in a pill. After being swallowed, its signal is picked up by a patch worn on the body, which relays data to a phone or tablet.

Source: Proteus Digital Health

What is it?

Smartwater and Smart Rope have proven businesses can make just about any inanimate object sexy by adding "smart" to the name.

Smart dust is a collection of sensors that can gather data from an environment and wirelessly transmit it back to the cloud, all packaged within particles the size of a grain of sand. These particles can sense anything from light to vibration to humidity. Companies like Analog Devices and Jeeva Wireless have been working hard to perfect the technology, but it has failed to get much buy-in from big tech to date.

Why it could be important

With the rise of the Internet of Things, companies are constantly seeking better ways to gather data on their customers in order to improve their services and better understand their customers' values. The ability to create an entire network of dust-sized sensors constantly transmitting data to the cloud is a gigantic leap forward in achieving this goal. From covering your engine with smart dust to diagnose car problems to spreading smart dust over a farm field to know when crops need watering, the technology has a wide range of applications. Some health start-ups already have launched sensors that are the size of a grain of sand and that can be ingested. Researchers at University of California at Berkeley even pitched implanting neural dust inside a person's skull to monitor brain activity.


The idea of microscopic computers floating around the air every waking moment is a privacy nightmare only Mark Zuckerberg could get excited about. With lawmakers currently working to strengthen American data privacy laws, advocating for data sensors small enough to be inhaled is probably not a current priority for Big Tech companies. And for anyone that's had the lovely experience of cleaning up a glitter-covered floor, you know controlling dust-sized particles once they've been deployed is no easy task. Smart dust's greatest advantage – its size – might also be its greatest obstacle to overcome.


Sarcos Robotics Guardian Exoskeleton.

Source: Sarcos Robotics

What is it?

This is actually as cool as it sounds.

Exoskeletons are wearable robots that extend the abilities of the human body beyond its usual limits. They are built to mirror the body of the operator and amplify its abilities, theoretically allowing construction workers to someday lift steel beams they could hardly budge on their own. More common today are "passive exoskeletons" which are unpowered and instead just provide support to the human body as it works. Car manufacturers like Hyundai and BMW both use this variety to help reduce the stress workers doing repetitive tasks put on their bodies.

Why it could be important

A technology that both increases productivity and prevents worker injury is one the industrial sector is sure to eat right up. Not only this, but there are strong physical rehabilitation and commercial possibilities as well. The technology already has shown promise as a breakthrough for disabled individuals.


The exoskeleton could end up being a transitional device. As AI and automation continue to improve, there may come a time where humans — even robotically enhanced humans — are not needed for manual labor. If there is no need for humans, there is definitely no need for exoskeletons, making it possible they become obsolete before even reaching the mainstream. If this happens, however, there is bound to be a thriving secondary market of middle-aged men looking to annoy their wives with yet another new toy to bring home.

4-D printing

The Adidas Futurecraft 4D has a 3-D printed sole.

Carbon | Adidas

What is it?

Above is a shoe that Adidas first made in 2017 with a 3-D-printed sole, called Futurecraft 4-D. But it wasn't really 4-D. Now imagine the whole shoe was 3-D-printed and arrived flat in an envelope, and once taken out an exposed to light, rearranged itself into a sneaker shape. 4-D printing is 3-D printing that can transform shapes after it has been printed.

Imagine a 3-D-printed flower that blooms when it detects light or to use another show example, 3-D-printed shoes that become cowboy boots when they hear "Old Town Road."

MIT assistant professor Skyler Tibbits is credited for having pioneered the field and is currently working with software company Autodesk to make 4-D printing more realistic.

Why it may be important

There is a wide range of applications for objects that can contract or expand depending on the environment. Imagine a furniture company that could ship a kitchen chair completely flat and have it fully assemble itself the moment it is taken out of the box. Products like this could save consumers loads of time and drastically improve IKEA's reputation.


The technology is still very early in the research and development stage, so there is still a massive question mark over its feasibility. 4-D-printed objects also need a stimuli such as heat or water in order to transform shapes. Controlling this stimuli — and in-turn controlling the behavior of the 4-D-printed object — could prove to be difficult.

Neuromorphic hardware

Monty Rakusen | Getty Images

As far as artificial intelligence has come, there are still occasions when Siri answers simple commands like, "Call mom," with, "Call mom what?" This is because most of today's AI, as intelligent as it is, is only programmed by engineers to make decisions like a human, not independently think like a human on its own.

This is where neuromorphic hardware could help. Neuromorphic computing is concerned with mirroring the actual human nervous system to allow machines to perceive and analyze an environment. This will give computers the processing ability to make decisions on their own without a computer scientist needing to tell the computer how to respond to a certain stimulus.

Why it may be important

Mastering this could be crucial if computer scientists ever want the "intelligence" component of AI to be more prevalent than the "artificial" component. This is why companies like Intel are working so hard to advance the field.


Replicating the human brain requires fully understanding the human brain, and neurologists are nowhere close to this. In essence, neuromorphic computing advancements may be at the mercy of neuroscience advancements.

Brain-computer interface

Patrick Stewart as Captain Jean-Luc Picard, partially transformed into Locutus of Borg in episode 'The Best of Both Worlds: Part II.' Originally broadcast on September 23, 1990.

CBS Photo Archive | Getty Images

What is it?

Everyone has at some point considered whether or not Elon Musk is a robot among humans, and although this might not be true, he is actively trying to turn you into one.

Perhaps "robot" is a bit extreme, but his company Neuralink is connecting humans and computers through brain-computer interfaces (BCI), devices that allow the brain to control computers and computers to partially control the brain. Whenever our brain "thinks" something, small electric charges race across our neurons at speeds up to 268 mph, according to Stanford's Virtual Lab's Project. However, not all of these electric charges make it to their final destination in the body — some of them escape. A brain-computer interface (BCI) — a small device either attached to the scalp or implanted into the brain — can read these escaped signals and interpret what the brain wants to do, allowing humans to remotely control a computer by only thinking of actions.

Why it may be important

Who is likely to benefit the most from this technology: the severely disabled. Being able to control a computer using only brain power could allow individuals with motor impairments to live far more independently or paraplegics with robotic leg braces to walk. And because BCIs can send electric signals as well, researchers believe the technology could eventually allow the deaf to hear and the blind to see by simulating the electric signals these senses create.


Worries about a BCI interfering with the brain's normal processes or giving someone the ability to control someone else's thoughts will continue to concern the public, and mainstream acceptance might be slow as a result. And while it's okay to test out a 4D printer before it's perfect, it's not as easy to test out a device intended to send electric charges to the brain. But Musk is not alone in his fight to overcome these challenges – Facebook and MIT have both notably shown interest in the field as well.

Biotech — cultured or artificial tissue

A 3D printed heart a New York-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital

New York-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital

What is it?

3-D printing has made leaps and bounds for consumers desperately needing a phone stand or abstract table art. However, in the future, it might actually save lives.

Researchers have made advancements in 3-D bioprinting that may soon allow them to artificially replicate human organs for such procedures as transplants. In addition, advancements in stem cell research has made it possible for scientists to increasingly grow tissue in a laboratory. Both of these innovations will continue to change the way doctors plan out treatments for their patients.

Why it may be important

Every year, 8,000 people die waiting for an organ transplant, according to the United Network for Organ Sharing. Efforts to combat this shortage have included recruiting more organ donors and even transplanting pig kidneys into humans. However, using biotech to build or cultivate tissue at a higher level could finally allow physicians to close this gap once and for all. Restoring damaged tissue to a fully-functioning state will become much more realistic as well.


All foreign transplants in our bodies incite a response from our immune system, according to the Mayo Clinic. If it's already common for the human body to reject other human hearts, getting it to accept a 3D-printed heart will be a challenge. And as with any medical product, getting safety-tested and certified will be a timely process.

Quantum computing

Intel's 17-qubit quantum test chip.

Source: Intel

What is it?

Let me give you the CliffNotes version of quantum computing. There is no CliffNotes version of quantum computing.

There's a concept in modern computing called Moore's Law that states advancements in technology will allow the number of transistors on a computer chip to roughly double every two years. This is great news for anyone dying to see their Fortnite avatars in even higher resolution, but it creates a problem – if this trend continues, the amount of power required to run the world's computers will be greater than the amount of power in the world by the year 2040, according to a report issued by the Semiconductor Industry Association.

This is why computer scientists worldwide are racing to solve the riddle that is quantum computing. While traditional computers store data in a slew of 1s and 0s, quantum computing uses the quantum mechanics principle of superposition to in essence store data as a 1, a 0, or a certain overlap of the two.

Why it may be important

The flexibility in this new data storage option allows much more information to be stored in a quantum bit — called a "qubit" (an Intel prototype pictured above) — than in a traditional bit. This will make computing much more efficient and less energy intensive, hopefully allowing you to both check Facebook and keep the lights on in the year 2040.


The hard part of quantum computing is that ... it's quantum computing. Not even Bill Gates fully understands it. Making qubits is still incredibly difficult, and getting them to interact in a way that allows for successful data storage is proving to be even more difficult. Other problems exist, such as their ability to self-correct when random errors occur and figuring out what material to make a quantum computing chip from. However, with more and more governments and companies investing in the technology, a quantum future may be possible within the next few decades.

Artificial general intelligence

The World's top human Go player, 19-year-old Ke Jie (L) competes against AI program AlphaGo, which was developed by DeepMind, the artificial intelligence arm of Google's parent Alphabet. Machine won the three-game match against man in 2017. The AI didn't lose a single game.

VCG | Visual China Group | Getty Images

What is it?

"Artificial intelligence" is a term start-ups throw in their company's mission statement to act as a magnet for Silicon Valley investment. Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is a branch of AI that focuses on computers having the genuine intellectual capabilities of the human brain. While this was always the original intention of AI, the term's more general usage to include programmed decisions that only appear autonomous has given rise to this more specific term.

With AGI, computer scientists aren't coding machines to have responses to every imaginable inquiry, but instead giving machines the resources to make decisions on their own. It's more of a general concept than a specific technology — less specific, for example, than neuromorphic hardware which is concerned with mirroring the human brain — since accomplishing this will involve the incorporation of countless technological concepts. However, a report by NEORIS has predicted computers will reach human-level intelligence by the year 2040, surely part of the reason Jeff Bezos made it a focus of Amazon's recent MARS conference.

Why it may be important

It's hard to imagine an industry that robots with human intelligence will not influence. Viable autonomous cars, better factory automation, stronger cybersecurity bots, and spot-on Netflix recommendations will all be made possible by AGI. And although it would be easy to assume this technology will deem many American jobs obsolete, a recent report found AI and robotics will actually create close to 60 million more jobs than it eliminates by 2022.


As Apple's Tim Cook has stated, technology of this sort could be incredibly dangerous (Elon Musk and Nobel Prize winners like the late Stephen Hawking share similar concerns). Not only this, but giving robots human-like intelligence would also require writing a moral code for how these robots should use their intelligence. This is sparking many debates, such as how a driverless car should choose who to kill in a potentially fatal car accident or how robots will respect the privacy of consumers. A thoughtful, meticulously-planned implementation of AGI into modern computers will probably be necessary to maximize consumer trust.

NSF awards $700000 to support technology shown to pinpoint breast cancer tumors during surgery, improve outcomes - Purdue News Service

Posted: 18 Jun 2019 09:38 AM PDT

Purdue startup receives funding aimed at reducing need for repeat surgeries

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. – A Purdue University-affiliated company developing a surgical tool shown to pinpoint breast cancer tumors so they can be removed faster and more accurately and reduce the need for repeat surgeries in nearly a quarter of all lumpectomies has received a National Science Foundation grant for $703,352.

Vibronix Inc. received a Small Business Innovation Research grant to advance the new technology called AcouStar. The company was founded by Ji-Xin Cheng, a professor of biomedical engineering and electrical and computer engineering at Boston University, who was formerly at Purdue, and Pu Wang, the company CEO, who received his doctorate from Purdue's Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, breast cancer is the second most common cancer among women in the United States. About 237,000 women and 21,000 men are diagnosed with breast cancer each year in the United States, and about 41,000 women and 450 men die each year.
vibronixacoustarTesting the AcouStar with a scalpel and sensor patch on a silicone "phantom." Vibronix Inc., a Purdue University-affiliated company, is developing the surgical tool to help surgeons remove breast cancer tumors faster and more accurately. (Photo by Jackie Ricciardi for Boston University Photography) Download image

Most people diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer choose either a lumpectomy, also known as breast-conserving surgery, or a mastectomy. Numerous studies have found similar survival rates for lumpectomies and mastectomies, according to the Susan G. Komen organization.

The problem for surgeons performing lumpectomies is that some tumors are so small they are hard to detect because they can't be felt by hand. A study published in JAMA Oncology in 2017 found that 23.6 percent of breast cancer patients who underwent surgery needed a repeat surgery soon afterward because microscopic examination found that trace cancer cells were left behind.

Before surgery, doctors often insert a thin wire into a tumor to help guide them. But even with that guide, it is often difficult for the surgeon to locate the tumor because the tip of the wire is hard to find.

Using AcouStar, a doctor would use ultrasound or a mammogram to insert a carbon fiber-delivered optoacoustic emitter into the tumor. AcouStar sends nanosecond flashes of laser light that are then converted into sound. A detector is attached to the breast to locate the tip in the tumor using acoustic radar. The surgeon wears smart glasses that use augmented reality to see exactly were the tumor is. A video about the procedure is available here.

"The guide wire is like a beacon and able to help surgeons locate the tumor in a real-time manner," Wang said. "The surgeon already has a plan on how to remove the tumor. They must be sure where it is. This technology helps them."

Vibronix officials believe AcouStar will cut the costs of breast cancer surgery because doctors will be able to find the tumors more quickly and a second surgery won't be needed as often. It also means less physical pain and distress for patients.

"AcouStar can effectively reduce the surgical delay and potentially minimize the re-excision rate," Wang said. "Moreover, this innovative technology will not only be applicable for breast cancer surgery navigation, it may also be used as an internal tracking device for multiple other applications, such as implantable device tracking, endoscope tracking, navigation for partial kidney removal and other procedures."

The NSF made the grant through a Phase II SBIR grant, also known as America's Seed Fund. It is one of the largest sources of early-stage capital for technology commercialization in the country.

"The National Science Foundation supports startups and small businesses with the most innovative, cutting-edge ideas that have the potential to become great commercial successes and make huge societal impacts," said Graciela Narcho, acting director of the Division of Industrial Innovation and Partnerships at NSF. "We hope that seed funding will spark solutions to some of the most important challenges of our time across all areas of science and technology."

The funding will be used for research and development of the technology, which is patented through the Purdue Research Foundation's Office of Technology Commercialization, Wang said.

Vibronix, which is based in the Purdue Research Park of West Lafayette, also has raised $1.7 million in investments from private sector and is looking to raise another $2 million to further develop the technology as it works to develop a wireless version of AcouStar.

The advantage of wireless is that the energy source can be placed in the tumor the day before the surgery, making it less stressful on the medical team and the patient. Vibronix also is looking for a partner to further develop the technology.

This technology aligns with Purdue's 'Giant Leaps' celebration, celebrating Purdue University's global advancements made in health as part of Purdue's 150th anniversary. This is one of the four themes of the yearlong celebration's Ideas Festival celebrating the university's global advancements.

About Purdue Research Park

The Purdue Research Park is managed by the Purdue Research Foundation and is the largest university-affiliated business incubation complex in the country. The Purdue Research Park manages the Purdue Technology Centers in five sites across the state of Indiana with locations in West Lafayette, Indianapolis, Merrillville and New Albany. The nearly 240 companies located in the park network employ about 6,000 people. In 2016, the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities co-named the Purdue Research Park a top recipient for an Innovation and Economic Prosperity Universities Designation for its work in entrepreneurship. For more information about leasing space in the Purdue Research Park, contact 765-588-3470 or click Purdue Research Park.

Writers:  Nicole Pitti, 765-588-1065,

Tom Coyne, 765-588-1044,

Source: Pu Wang,


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